NDF - Financing for climate change and development projects

NCF: Enhancing Capacity for Adaptation to, and Mitigation of, Climate Change in Kibera, Nairobi [NDF C3 B11]

8.01.2013
The project aims to secure access to safe water supply for about 13,000 residents of Kibera in a changing climate, and to build capacity for reduction of household greenhouse emissions for 2500 households.

Kenya
Enhancing capacity for adaptation to, and mitigation of, climate change in Kibera, Nairobi
Ref: NDF C3 B11

Nordic Partner: Solvatten AB (Sweden)
Local Partner: Institute of Environment and Water (IEW), Revitalization of Indigenous Initiatives for Community Development (RINCOD)
Total Project Cost: EUR 345,750
NCF Financing: EUR 301,290
Agreement Signed: 30 September 2010
Project Classification: Climate change adaptation and mitigation
Duration: 22 months (completed)

Project Objective

To secure access to safe water supply for about 13,000 residents of Kibera in a changing climate, and to build capacity for reduction of household greenhouse emissions for 2500 households.

Description

Kibera is the largest urban slum in Africa with an estimated population of about 800,000, and similar to other slums the poor households have insufficient water supply. Floods and drought are the two most frequent and severe climatic events in the area that negatively impact the water resources by damaging the water and sanitation infrastructure, contaminating the water supply, and increasing water scarcity. This situation facilitates the transmission of water-borne diseases, such as cholera and other diarrhoeal and gastrointestinal diseases. Solvatten AB and IEW have distributed the Solvatten® technology, which purifies water by harnessing energy from the sun, to 1,292 households in Kibera, Nairobi and later to 1,300 households in Meru, Mutomo and Mwingi areas as the project scope was expanded, and thereby helped secure nearly 13,000 people access to safe water.

Relevance for Climate Change

The project has both climate change adaption and mitigation impacts. The technology has increased the households’ capacity to adapt to the impacts climate change has on the water quality as well as raised awareness of the need for safe water. By ensuring access to safe and warm water the technology has increased the households’ resilience to adverse climate events, such as floods and droughts, and reduced their vulnerability to water-borne diseases. In addition, since the technology utilises a renewable energy source, solar energy, the technology substitutes charcoal and paraffin, which are currently being used for heating and water purifying. The adoption of Solvatten is expected to save 9,500 tonnes of charcoal or 39,900 tonnes of CO2e for the whole project during the 7-years lifetime of Solvatten®. This will lead to reduced deforestation, reduced burning of fossil fuels, and consequently reduced emissions, as well as reduced fuel expenses for the households.

Innovation and Knowledge Transfer

Solvatten® is an innovative, but simple technology, which utilises solar radiation (UV and heat) to purify water. The project was the first to measure the mitigation potential of Solvatten, and data collection at the start and finish of the project has captured the impact of the technology. The project has created new jobs for 87 local people who have promoted and distributed the technology. The distributors belong to 10 Community Based Organisation (CBOs) with 2,000 members in total. The targeted recipients were vulnerable families e.g. those headed by single women who have received training for the use of the technology and for hygiene and sanitation matters. Many people have moved to Kibera to earn money for their birth families living in the countryside and this has also been visible in the distribution of Solvatten as many have brought their Solvatten® unit to their relatives in the rural areas.  During the implementation, the scope was expanded to more rural areas of Kenya as well.

The project results have also been shared with relevant NGOs and government agencies giving a platform for up-scaling Solvatten.

News

The inventor of Solvatten has been awarded 'Polhempriset' engineering price in Sweden (in Swedish)

Video interview with a local partner (in English)

For more information

Solvatten AB
The Institute of Environment and Water
Revitalization of Indigenous Initiatives for Community Development